Land management is basically the management of the usage and development of land assets. Land assets are utilized for various purposes that can include natural agriculture, hydropower, water source management, reforestation and eco Tourism projects. Land management includes the study, development and implementation of strategies that will promote ecological productivity, enhance social welfare, ensure economic sustainability and strengthen the foundations of community organization.
In order to achieve sustainable land management, there are a number of strategies that need to be implemented on a regional, national and global scale. These include the implementation of policies that promote sustainable forestry, hydropower and other natural resources. These include the development of good forestry policies and programmes that require legal frameworks to ensure effective and efficient enforcement and control measures. In addition to these, policy frameworks should also address the issues of sustainable development and environmental degradation. Besides, the creation and maintenance of a sustainable land management framework is essential for implementation of programmes and policies that support natural resource sustainability.
The execution of programmes that promote sustainable use of land and the maintenance of ecosystems is known as ecosystems management. It is the function of governmental agencies and organizations, in collaboration with communities, to provide information and knowledge about ecosystems, their processes and impacts on the environment, so as to enable decision making and action to preserve and enhance ecological biodiversity, ecological integrity, enhance ecological quality of the ecosystems and protect the biodiversity of the environment as a whole. The promotion and maintenance of natural ecosystems is an essential component of land management, which ensures the protection and enhancement of the environment for the benefit of future generations. Natural ecosystems provide important services like air, water, soil, food and livelihoods for all living things.