Land management is an important process in developing a sustainable community that meets people’s needs. It can also be defined as the administration of land or other natural resources on the basis of their productivity and the ecological quality of the land. It aims to conserve and sustain the land and its natural resources for future generations. Land management is an inter-disciplinary discipline involving a range of skills such as ecological design, science, geology, archeology and demographics.
The primary objective of land management is to ensure that the use of land, resources and goods promotes economic growth, social welfare and environmental protection. It involves planning, design, construction, operation, maintenance and disposal of adaptive systems that preserve, enhance and develop the land, its resources and the ecological system. Land management is a complex process requiring wide-ranging collective investments in technology, scientific research and community involvement.
This is a vast area with various concepts and practices that have evolved over time. In the past, many different approaches have been adopted for land management, such as the theories of sustainable land use, natural resource conservation and the development of effective integrated management systems, and integrated economic development, scientific management planning and ecological technology transfer. Some of the key principles of sustainable land use involve reduction of land-cover, increase in population of plant and animal life, the use of natural and manufactured goods, protection of biodiversity, and use of land in a less harmful way. To help achieve these principles, there are various techniques such as natural regeneration, planting of trees, creation of habitat, creation of natural parks or reserves, rational use of resources, and economic development that includes direct and indirect taxes.