Land management is essentially the management process of the utilization and growth of land resources in a particular region. Land resources are usually utilized for various purposes that can include natural agriculture, hydropower, water supply management, reforestation and eco tourism projects. There are different techniques and strategies used in land management. A few of the most common techniques are for establishing legal titles over the property, and developing systems to ensure a sustainable utilization of land and related resources. The processes and strategies of land management vary depending on the type of land and the purpose of its management.
While some land management techniques are adopted for purely economic purposes, like agricultural land development, others are designed to improve the ecological condition of the land or resources and protect the biodiversity of the area. Besides economic concerns, land management also has social, cultural and environmental implications. It is an essential activity that has to be implemented correctly and with utmost care. The major components of land management are for scientific purposes, ensuring the health and productivity of the people living in the area, protecting the land, encouraging the use of environmentally sound technologies and developing recreational areas.
These are some of the important aspects of effective land management. An effective land-use management system, a sound economic base and well developed community, along with effective planning and utilization of land and related resources help in conserving the land and its resources for future generations. The role of governmental land management agencies is to assist in realizing the goals of these principles and strategies through effective planning and implementation of land development.