Land Management is the procedure of managing the utilization and development of land assets. These assets may be in the form of forests, croplands, pasture land or other physical forms such as waste dumps or open plains. It also involves the legal regulation of these assets in terms of access, use, production and ownership. The main function of land management is to ensure the economic utilisation of the land assets and to provide social benefits. Land management thus is broadly defined as the collective management of land-related assets in order to meet the needs and the interests of society.
There are three categories of land management namely natural, structural and Economic. Natural land management concerns its ecosystems with respect to biodiversity, species diversity, climate change, human habitat and natural resource conservation. Structural land management deals with the construction, alteration or improvement of infrastructure including roads, buildings and other structures and is mainly concerned with the creation of economic activities. Finally, economic land management deals with the utilization of natural resources of different types for economic development.
There is an increasing trend of environmental management as it aims at a balance between ecological and economic factors. Aniline and synthetic materials, for example, can be regulated to minimize the generation of hazardous wastes. This is particularly important in developed countries where there are large amounts of abandoned chemical waste and other industrial residues disposed off in the open. In such cases, the government should take control and regulate these land uses so as to protect the environment and also promote economic development. As a result of this initiative, many developing nations have taken active steps to enhance their land management system.